Conditions of Auction and Sale

The terms and conditions of business set forth below are subject to amendment by verbal or written notice prior to and during the auction and sale. They constitute the entire contractual agreement with the buyer in respect to any lot offered at auction. By bidding at auction in any manner compliant with bidding procedures, the buyer and all bidders agree to be bound by these terms and conditions and the terms of the prospective buyers and sellers guide contained in the catalogue, as amended. To the extent that an agent acts on behalf of the buyer, liability for obligations arising from these conditions of business will pass to the buyer. Multiple buyers are jointly and severally liable for obligations arising from this agreement.

1. Definition of terms:
  a. The ‘buyer’ refers to the party with the highest accepted bid for any lot at auction and/or such party’s principal where bidding as agent.
  b. The ‘vendor’ refers to the party consigning property for sale and/or such party’s principal where acting as agent.

deutscher and hackett’ refers to deutscher and hackett Pty Ltd ACN 123 119 022, its subsidiaries, officers, employees and agents.


The ‘hammer price’ refers to the final bid price (including any GST) accepted by the auctioneer, or in the case of a post-auction sale, the agreed sale price (including any GST).


The ‘buyer’s premium’ refers to the 22% charge (plus GST) payable by the buyer calculated as a percentage of the hammer price.


‘GST’ refers to the goods and services tax imposed by the A New Tax System (goods and Services) Act 1999 as amended.


The ‘lot’ refers to the item(s) described against any lot number in the catalogue.


‘The ‘reserve’ refers to the minimum price (including any GST) the consignor will accept for a lot.



Agency: deutscher and hackett acts as agent for the vendor and the contract of sale for the lot will be between the buyer and the vendor.

3. Property is sold ‘as is’: To the extent permitted by law:
  a. no guarantees, warranties or representations are made (express or implied) by deutscher and hackett or the vendor in relation to the nature and condition of any lot; and
  b. deutscher and hackett disclaims liability for any misrepresentations, errors or omissions, whether verbal or in writing, in the catalogue or any supplemental material.
  All factual information provided by the vendor is merely passed on by deutscher and hackett from the vendor or other source. deutscher and hackett has made no attempt to verify this information. All additional statements of opinion represent the specialist opinions of deutscher and hackett employees and should not be relied upon as statements of fact.

Responsibility to inspect: Responsibility remains with the buyer to satisfy its, his or her self by inspection and evaluation prior to purchase as to the nature and condition of any property.

5. Registration: Bidder's must register to bid and obtain a bidder’s paddle prior to the commencement of the auction. Registration requires that bidder's provide proof of identity and deutscher and hackett may impose other obligations on the registration of bidder's in its discretion.
6. Auctioneer’s discretion: deutscher and hackett reserves the right to absolute discretion over the conduct of the auction including the regulation of bidding and its increments. This discretion extends to the challenge or rejection of any bid, the right to withdraw any lot and the right to determine the successful bidder or reoffer a lot in the event of a dispute. The prospective buyers and sellers guide details an indicative process for the conduct of auctions. All parties are strongly urged to read the prospective buyers and sellers guide included in this catalogue.
7. Bidding: deutscher and hackett may sell each lot to the highest bidder at auction provided the reserve price has been met or where the net amount accounted to the vendor is at least equivalent to the net amount that would have been achieved for a sale at the reserve price. The fall of the auctioneer’s hammer marks the acceptance of the highest bid and the conclusion of a contract for sale between the vendor and the buyer. Unless otherwise agreed in writing with deutscher and hackett, the individual physically present at the auction who signals the bid accepts personal liability to pay the purchase price, including the buyer’s premium and all additional fees, taxes and charges.
8. Amounts inclusive of GST: Unless otherwise specified, all amounts specified in this section as payable by the buyer, or otherwise used to calculate payment to deutscher and hackett, are inclusive of any GST component. deutscher and hackett will provide buyers with a tax invoice that meets the requirements of the Australian Taxation Office.
9. Application of GST to buyers: Auctions are conducted on a GST inclusive basis (where GST applies). Buyers are required to pay a 10% GST which sum is:
  a. included in the final bid prices where buying from a GST registered vendor (a list of lots consigned by GST Registered Entities is set out under Copyright Credits in the hardcopy catalogues); and
  b. included in any additional fees charged by deutscher and hackett; and
  c.    added to the buyer's premium.

If a buyer is classified as a “non-resident” for the purpose of GST, the buyer may be able to recover GST paid on the final purchase price if certain conditions are met.

10. Post auction private sale: Should the lot fail to sell at auction, deutscher and hackett is authorised to sell the lot privately for a period of seven days in which event this agreement shall apply to the relevant buyer to the full extent of its provisions.
11. Payment: The buyer will not acquire title until payment has cleared in full. Interest at a rate of 17.5% p.a. will be charged over outstanding accounts where no extension of terms has been granted. Interest will be payable from the payment due date. With respect to each lot purchased, the buyer agrees to make the following payments within seven days from the date of sale:
  a. The hammer price.
  b. In exchange for services rendered by deutscher and hackett, a buyer’s premium calculated at 22% (plus GST) of the hammer price.
  c. Post sale packing, handling, shipping and storage where applicable.
  d. If payment is made via Visa, Mastercard or American Express, any merchant fees payable by deutscher and hackett on the transaction as indicated in the prospective buyers and sellers guide.
  Payment must be made within seven days of the date of sale in Australian dollars by cash, cheque, direct deposit, approved credit cards or electronic funds transfer using the form and/or trust account details provided at the back of this catalogue. In certain circumstances, extension of payment may be granted at the discretion of deutscher and hackett. Once funds have cleared, the proceeds of the sale less the buyer’s Premium, GST and any commission or costs charged as agreed will be remitted to the vendor within thirty-five days of the date of sale provided payment has been received in full. Funds will be held in an interest bearing account by deutscher and hackett until remitted to the vendor. deutscher and hackett will be entitled to any interest earned during this period. Application for a cultural heritage export licence or any other licence in no way affects the buyer’s obligation to make payment or collection within the periods specified in sections 10 and 13a.
12. Risk and Title: Risk in the lot, including risk of loss or damage, will pass to the buyer on the earlier of:
  a. the date payment is due, whether or not it has been made; and
  b. collection by the buyer.
  The buyer assumes risk for the property in all respects from this date and neither deutscher and hackett nor the vendor will be liable for loss or damage occurring after the payment due date. The buyer is encouraged to make arrangements to ensure comprehensive cover is maintained from this date. Title in the lot does not pass to the buyer, even if the lot is released to the buyer, until the buyer has paid all sums owing to deutscher and hackett. If a buyer makes a claim against deutscher and hackett for damage or loss after sale, the buyer’s premium and the final bid price shall be payable notwithstanding.
13. Freight:
  a. The buyer may only remove a lot from the deutscher and hackett premises once payment has been cleared in full and must be removed no later than seven days after the date of sale. Should items not be removed by this time, storage and insurance costs may be charged to the buyer. If a lot has not been collected within 30 days of after the date of sale and alternative arrangements have not been with deutscher and hackett, the lot may be re-sold by deutscher and hackett without reserve at the next auction and deutscher and hackett may set off any amounts owed for storage and insurance costs and its standard commission before remitting the proceeds to the buyer.
  b. Buyers are required to make their own arrangements for packing, handling, shipping and transit insurance for their property. deutscher and hackett does not accept responsibility or liability for the acts or omissions of any third party, such as a shipping agent, whether or not such a party has been recommended or suggested by deutscher and hackett.
14. Limited Warranty of Authorship: If a buyer is able to establish that a lot is a forgery in accordance with these conditions for sale within five years of the date of sale, the buyer shall be entitled to rescind the sale and obtain a refund of the hammer price from the vendor. The buyer must return the lot in the state in which it was sold within fourteen days of notifying deutscher and hackett of the forgery allegations. For a lot to be established as a forgery, the following conditions must be satisfied:
  a. the buyer must supply two independent expert testimonies attesting to the forgery. deutscher and hackett is entitled to request further expert evidence where it deems the evidence provided to be unsatisfactory;
  b. there must be no conflict of opinion among accepted experts in the field; and
  c. the forgery must be able to be proven through means that at the time of publication of the catalogue were commonly employed and that will not damage or otherwise put the lot in jeopardy.
  The limited warranty and the right to rescind the sale is not assignable and the buyer must have retained title to the lot without disposing of any interest in it up until the buyer notifies deutscher and hackett of the forgery allegations. The buyer acknowledges that it has no rights directly against deutscher and hackett if a lot is established to be a forgery.
15. Termination, Breach and Legalities:

deutscher and hackett breach: To the extent permitted by law, the sole and maximum remedy to a buyer for breach of warranty is a refund of original purchase price, including buyer’s premium. In such an event the sale contract shall be rescinded and all costs associated with returning the property (in the state in which it was sold) to the premises of deutscher and hackett are to be borne by the buyer. deutscher and hackett is not liable for any indirect or consequential loss or damage for any matter arising directly or indirectly as a result of the sale.


Buyer breach: deutscher and hackett may, in addition to other remedies available by law, exercise one or more of the following rights or remedies for breach:

  i. Cancel the sale and retain any payment or property in deutscher and hackett custody as collateral or liquidated damages.
  ii. Charge the buyer interest at the rate of 2% above the rate fixed under section 2 of the Penalty Interest Rates Act 1984 (Vic).
  iii. Resell the property without reserve at the next auction or privately on five days notice. Any disparity between sale and resale prices, including associated costs such as, but not limited to, legal, storage and sale expenses, will be to the account of the defaulting buyer.
  iv. Apply any part payment received from the buyer in respect of any lots in its discretion.
  v. Retain any of the buyer’s property held by deutscher and hackett until the buyer has satisfied its obligations to deutscher and hackett.
  vi. Take any other action deutscher and hackett deems necessary or appropriate.
  vii. Refuse to permit the buyer to participate in future auctions.
  viii. Provide the vendor with the buyer’s details to permit the vendor to take action against the buyer to recover the money.

Governing law and jurisdiction: These terms and conditions and any matters concerned with the foregoing fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the state in which the auction is held.

17. Severability: In the event that any provisions of this agreement should be found unenforceable in a court of law, that part shall be discounted and the remaining conditions shall continue in full force and effect to the extent permitted by law.